Spain
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 Espańa  Flag of Spain

 
  Capital Madrid     

  population: 5,843,041

Madrid

Madrid

 

Spain

Metropolis building. Madrid, Spain

Metropolis building

Castile Square, Puerta de Europa (Europe's Door), Madrid

Castile Square, Puerta de Europa, Madrid (Europe's Door)

Equal partners: Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile

 Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile

 

Area - Total: 504,782 km²; Water: 194,897 sq mi 

Population- 44,395,286 

Official language(s): Spanish, Catalan/Valencian, Basque and Galician

Background:  

Spain's powerful world empire of the 16th and 17th centuries ultimately yielded command of the seas to England. Subsequent failure to embrace the mercantile and industrial revolutions caused the country to fall behind Britain, France, and Germany in economic and political power. Spain remained neutral in World Wars I and II, but suffered through a devastating civil war (1936-39). In the second half of the 20th century, Spain has played a catch-up role in the western international community;

Accession to EU  -  January 1, 1986

Geography    

Location:   Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France 

Area:    total: 504,782 sq km ; land: 499,542 sq km ; water: 5,240 sq km

note: there are 19 autonomous communities including Balearic Islands and Canary Islands, and three small Spanish possessions off the coast of Morocco - Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera 

Land boundaries:   total: 1,917.8 km;  Coastline:   4,964 km 

border countries: Andorra 63.7 km, France 623 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Portugal 1,214 km, Morocco (Ceuta) 6.3 km, Morocco (Melilla) 9.6 km 

Climate:   temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast 

Population:    40,341,462 (July 2005 est.) 

Nationality:   noun: Spaniard(s) adjective: Spanish 

Ethnic groups:   composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types 

Religions:   Roman Catholic 94%, other 6% 

Languages:   Castilian Spanish 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%; note - Castilian is the official language nationwide; the other languages are official regionally 

Government type:   parliamentary monarchy 

Administrative divisions:   17 autonomous communities (comunidades autonomas, singular - comunidad autonoma)and 2 autonomous cities*

National holiday:   National Day, 12 October 

Executive branch:  

Chief of state: King JUAN CARLOS I (since 22 November 1975); Heir Apparent Prince FELIPE, son of the monarch, born 30 January 1968

Head of government: President of the Government and Prime Minister;

First Vice President and Deputy Prime Minister (and Minister of the Presidency)

Cabinet: Council of Ministers designated by the president

There is also a Council of State that is the supreme consultative organ of the government, but its recommendations are non-binding

   On February 20, 2005, Spain became the first country to allow its people to vote on the European Union constitution that was signed in October 2004. The rules state that if any country rejects the constitution then the constitution will be declared void. Despite a very low participation (42%), the final result was very strongly in affirmation of the constitution, making Spain the first country to approve the constitution via referendum

http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/averroes/dunas/

  Casa Milą, Barcelona

  Casa Milą, Barcelona.

  Barcelona 4,686,701 p.

 

 

 

La Sagrada Familia ,

Gaudi Barcelona

 

 Interior of the Mezquita in Córdoba, a Muslim mosque.

Interior of Mezquita- a mosk in Córdoba,

 

  The Alhambra, Granada

 

 

Valencia

Valencia

 

 

 

 

Coast of Cantabria, in Green Spain.

         
From here you can visit :  

Our School

Our home town        

More about Spain

Spanish culture and artists 

The school site:

 Dunas de Donana

 

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