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Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Federal Republic of Germany




     Germany (German: Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland)   is bordered to the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea, to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic, to the south by Austria and Switzerland, and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. Within its borders are a portion of the Alps mountains, the famous Rhine and Danube rivers, and the Black Forest. Its capital is Berlin.
     Germany is a democratic parliamentary federal republic, made up of 16 states (Lšnder), which in certain spheres act independently of the federation. Historically consisting of several sovereign states with their own history, distinct German tribe dialects, culture and religious beliefs, Germany was unified as a nation state during the Franco-Prussian War in 1870/1871.
     The Federal Republic of Germany is a member state of the United Nations, and is a founding member of the European Union. It is the European Union's most populous and most economically powerful member state.

Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark
Area: total: 357,021 sq km ; land: 349,223 sq km ; water: 7,798 sq km
Land boundaries: total: 3,621 km
border countries: Austria 784 km, Belgium 167 km, Czech Republic 646 km, Denmark 68 km, France 451 km, Luxembourg 138 km, Netherlands 577 km, Poland 456 km, Switzerland 334 km
Coastline: 2,389 km
Climate: temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind
Terrain: lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.54 m ; highest point: Zugspitze 2,963 m
Natural hazards: flooding
Geography - note: strategic location on North European Plain and along the entrance to the Baltic Sea
Population: 82,431,390 (July 2005 est.)
Nationality: noun: German(s) adjective: German
Ethnic groups: German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)
Religions: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%
Languages: German
Government Country name: Deutschland /Germany/
local long form: Bundesrepublik Deutschland / Federal Republic of Germany/
Government type: federal republic
Capital: Berlin
Administrative divisions: 13 states

National holiday: Unity Day, 3 October (1990)
chief of state: President
head of government: Chancellor;
cabinet: Cabinet or Bundesminister (Federal Ministers) appointed by the president on the recommendation of the chancellor

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